Abstract

Socio-economic inequalities in health are of great concern, and life expectancy provides a readily understood means of monitoring such inequalities. The objective of this study is to measure life expectancy by socio-economic deprivation and to describe trends in life expectancy since the mid-1990s. Ten years of mortality data from Cluj county have been used to calculate evolution of number of death and mean death age according with the cause of death and social class. Instruments of time series analysis with a 3 years period prediction have been used. The mean death ages also increased during this period, from 69 years in 1994 to 71 years in 2003. The people dye at more older ages from ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, other disease, gastro-intestinal disease, accidents, cancer and respiratory disease and at smaller ages from other cardiovascular disease. Three causes of death have their death ages over the general mean death age: ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and other cardiovascular disease. Only the employees and the pensioners show an increased trend regarding the mean death ages. The employers reach the general mean in 1999 but their mean death age decrease again in 2003. The employees have an increased risk to dye from accidents. Being an employer means to have a great risk to dye from accidents and other cardiovascular disease (only after 1998). The own workers are at increased risk to dye from other disease, accidents (only after 1999) and other cardiovascular disease (till 1998). The unemployed present greater risk to dye from accidents, gastro-intestinal disease and respiratory disease (till 1998). The housewives have an increased risk of dying from cerebro-vascular disease and the pensioners from cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease and ischemic heart disease.

Keywords

Mean death age, Social class, Causative risk, Ischemic heart disease, Cerebrovascular disease, Cancer.