Qualitative Research on the Social Impact of the Health Phenomena
The HIV- AIDS infection represents one of the most important research fields, within it can be studied the close connection between the appearance of the disease and the social conducts or the lifestyles practiced by the population. The qualitative research is a method according to which we can experience the persons and their social environments in ways which are as closer to the natural human experiences, the research is going to be made in their natural environment, during their everyday life. It uses techniques of gathering information which shouldn’t deform the sensations and experiences which they try to explain. As qualitative research methods are acknowledged the following: the unstructured analysis, which is generally participating too, the unstructured or semistructured individual, group or focus-group interviews, the biographical method and the case study. The research process is carried out four phases: the planning of the research, the information gathering, the analysis of the information and the drawing up of the report. In the qualitative researches is the majority opinion only a part of the paper. An usual analytical theme in the qualitative researches is searching for both the proofs which invalidate or those which confirm. This leads to a reconceptualization of the rooting theories. In the process of creation of the theories about the HIV-AIDS infection, this matter can have an overwhelming influence; can be considerable in understanding of the relative or apparent minor aspects of the disease. As a conclusion we mention that the approaching of the matters regarding the social implications of the health phenomena, especially the HIV-AIDS infection, which on the whole is a “social disease”, is made in an optimal way referring to the qualitative research methods, probably the interview and case study being the most appropriate study methods.