Abstract

Aim: Congenital infection with Toxoplasma Gondi (TG) has important consequences in the fetus that can be reduced having an efficient and effective primary and secondary prevention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the level of prevention in the case of TG infection. Material and Method: During the period of 02/14/2007-03/21/2007, with the assistance of clinical staff of Ist Newborns Department, it has been possible the study of 90 women that have given birth to live newborns. For each newborn the detection of blood toxoplasma-specific immunoglobulin IgG and IgM has been study. For each mother general information about the disease itself has been offered and explained. All mothers have completed a questionnaire form. The following aspects were followed-up: the prevalence of the infection according to the transplacentar IgG, the mother’s age, and level of the information. The feedback about the congenital TG infection, it was evaluated by the quantification of the importance given to the screening tests by the mothers included in the study and if they can support financial the screening tests. Results: The prevalence of the infection was (41.1%), proportionally increasing with the maternal age as a result of the higher risk of contamination (p = 0.013). Primary care and prevention for the TG infection was almost inexistent. Conclusion: The serological prevalence of TG infection is 41.1%, this is a high percent that should be taken in consideration to elaborate a stable and efficient universal strategy.

Keywords

Toxoplasmosis, Prevention, Prevalence.